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Barefoot and Hallux Considerations | Boddicker Performance

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Barefoot and Hallux Considerations

by on Jul 9th, 2010

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I recently was asked by friend of Boddicker Performance, Jim Hansen, if barefoot running can be beneficial in those with limited dorsiflexion of the hallux.  While I do not necessarily believe that a person with poor hallux extension should be running barefoot straight out the gait, I do strongly believe that the same people can benefit a great deal from some unshod exercise.

The biggest question to ask is “why do I lack mobility?”  There are a ton of reasons, some of which are probably unable to be resolved on your own, that a big toe loses its freedom into extension.  Is it a collapsed arch?  What caused the collapsed arch? Poor observance of the joint by joint theory?  What else can we look at to make things happen?

Doing some moving unshod can help to develop the right positions of the joint by joint that can improve mobility of the hallux.  If we take the wedge out from under the heels, we immediately remove at least part of a whole body anterior weight shift, reducing some neurological tone related to the ankling strategy of postural control and probably gaining some mobility.  In the same vein, we’ll have a good chance at restoring some of the strength of the intrinsic musculature of the foot and possibly rebuilding the arch and realigning the first ray somewhat.  We know, too, that barefoot foot striking results in better distributed plantar pressures and comparably greater movement over the hallux, though, hammering a joint without range over and over again with big loads may not be the best idea.

From a “bottom-up” though process, we definitely need to clear the mobility of the hallux and the ankle, but we cannot ignore the “top-down” process as well.  Athletes may do all the work in the world at peripheral segments, but if the hips are not normalized it will be impossible to obtain the appropriate foot positions.  If the anti-pronation musculature is weak and inhibited as per Janda’s crossed syndromes, for example, the strength of the feet may not matter.  It is here that it always comes back to what you see in assessment.  How was the Ober’s test?  Where did the greater trochanter migrate in the straight leg raise?  Are hip flexion patterns acceptable?  Hip abduction?  Ankle mobility?  Cervical patterns?

I also think that here is where the beauty of the Anatomy Links System shines through.  Identify key areas and then branch out to all areas that impact that area with exponential growth until you hit dead-ends.

Regards,

Carson Boddicker

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  • Jim Hansen July 10, 2010

    Carson,
    Thanks for answering my question. Since I have been suffering the repercussions of this FHL for over 25 years and treating the symptoms (hip and back) and sticking with running (which probably pounded down my feet) I am trying to wear sturdier shoes with special insoles (1st ray cut out) and seeing if that will change things around. I am also being encouraged to do barefoot training, but I think I will keep that at a very low level for now just to keep mobility in the toes and feet.

    I am not sure if HFL is something you are born with or develop. I think I was born with a left foot that has external tibial torsion. I took my high school and college running background and entered the world of triathlons from 1983-1987, I did an Ironman distance race for 5 straight years without a bike fit or any coaching or medical care. Back then you just did it on your own. Since that foot everted out, I would try to accomodate it by angling my shoe on the cleat so it was pointing out. With all the biking miles I did, I was never comfortable and had a hard time standing straight by the end of 5 years of that. I would guess that bike position taught my body all sorts of compenstations and bad muscular patterns that I probably still continue today including pronating over that left foot. The road back takes a whole lot longer than the road to disfunction, but I surely am learning a lot during the journey.
    Thanks for all your insight here. I am checking into Janda and the lower cross syndrome now, which sounds like more of my disfunctions.
    Jim

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